Top 20 Best Compressors Of All Time

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

In this definitive run-down of the world’s top hardware compressors both ancient and modern, a superlative-drained David Felton rolls out the adjectives to identify the 20 best compressors ever constructed.

You could be forgiven for assuming that high-end hardware compressors aren’t really relevant to the majority of dance music producers. They’re expensive, tricky to use and less convenient than software, right? That might sometimes be true, but we still think there are very good reasons to know about the classics in our list (and, for the record, not all of our choices are actually that expensive).

OK, so the chances of most of us rushing out to drop a small fortune on a Fairchild are pretty slim, but even the most exotic, overpriced vintage classics have a direct influence on the tools we all use to make music. Plenty of budget options are available which offer watered down versions of the classics.

Likewise, almost all compressor plugins take direct inspiration from the sound and features of hardware from the 60s and 70s.

Even more importantly, with just a couple of exceptions, most of the compressors on our list have been modelled and emulated by software developers over recent years. If you like the sound of one of them, chances are you can go out and buy a plugin which will sound almost identical to the real thing.

Here we run down our selection of the best dynamics tools ever made. We’re taking a broad approach to compression here: compressors, limiters, levelling amps – all are fair game.

We begin our countdown with an unlikely house classic…

20 – Alesis 3630

This innocent enough looking box – famously named after the street number of Alesis’s headquarters – is, according to Alesis anyway, “the most popular dynamics processor ever made”.

Best selling? We can believe that. Most popular? No chance!

Although it offers both flexibility (dual channel VCA-based peak/RMS compression plus two independent noise gates) and an entry-level price point, the 3630 has been the bane of many producers’ lives since its introduction two decades ago. There are numerous common complaints. It introduces distortion. It has a nasty habit of making everything sound dull and lifeless. The channels are often badly matched, rendering them useless for stereo applications. It adds noise.

So why does it make the list? Because it basically defined the pumping sidechain compression sound which became a trademark of French house in the late 90s and conquered the world shortly afterwards. Since a handful of stars revealed their surprising love for the 3630, it’s been something of a cult classic. For all its failings, this is the compressor which Daft Punk claim defined the sound of Homework and Discovery and which Stardust used to make ‘Music Sounds Better With You’.

Will it make your tracks sound as good? We doubt it. But the 3630 is an interesting little footnote in the history of dance music – and a worthwhile reminder that it doesn’t take expensive gear to make great records.

The good news is that if you’re considering buying one, they’re very very cheap. You should have no problem picking one up for ¬£50. However, we’d recommend the updated 3632, released at the beginning of this year. It retains the character of the original while solving most of the problems.

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Back to top
  • Words: David Felton
  • Date: 13th November 2012
  • Gaffe Wrote:

    Great stuff.

  • Paulgala Wrote:

    RNLA!! :)

  • Will Wrote:

    Just one amp stage on the LA-2A, and the program/frequency dependence gives a somewhat scaled knee and ratio. Cool stuff! Great list.

  • knowitall Wrote:

    How could you leave out the Distressor?!?!?! It’s the most used compressor on the planet now a days. Yes, it emulates several of the classics, but it’s still amazing on its own. It’s probably #1 on my desert island list. LAME

  • P Wrote:

    @knowitall: page 16, are you blind?

  • Smafdy Wrote:

    Nobody calls the all four button mode on an 1176 “Brit Mode” except journalists.

  • David Felton Wrote:

    @knowitall: it’s at number 5: “…the Distressor is a modern-day desert island compressor”

  • Koisanx Wrote:

    I find it odd that a Waves digital limiter made it to the llist but not TC Electronic ‘s Finalizer??

  • Percussive Audio Wrote:

    Still Love my LA-4s :)

  • nomoreflakes Wrote:

    retro 176!

  • sex and murder Wrote:

    Wha? No Shure Level Loc? For when audio destruction is the goal.

  • Mungo Wrote:

    You forgot Shadow Hills Mastering Compressor!

  • Thwack Whore Wrote:

    The UBK Fatso slays half the boxes on this list, it’s always fat, can be super dirty, kinda like a Studer and stereo 1176 in one box. Massive ups to the Dynamite as well, not nearly as versatile but delivers serious smack!

  • ian Wrote:

    this is superb, PLEASE PLEASE could you do one for EQ’s, mic preamps, and perhaps even delays and reverbs, but esp. the former….PLEASE PLEASE
    synths and mics, also if poss….

  • Attack Wrote:

    Ian, how could we resist a request like that? We’ll see what we can do…

    Have you checked out our features on the most underrated synths and our favourite drum machines?

    http://www.attackmagazine.com/features/top-ten-most-underrated-synths/

    http://www.attackmagazine.com/features/top-ten-classic-drum-machines/

  • DiscoSuperFly Wrote:

    Very nice list. Not that I know even half the manufacturers names mentioned above, but lists like this let me know whats around and experiment with them.

    Keep up with the good work! All the articles are getting me some serious producer munchies ;)

  • Entrainer Wrote:

    Elysia Alpha should really be there along with the MPressor.

    An outstanding achievement and the best mastering compressor for electronic
    dance I’ve ever heard.

    The MPressor is more of a drum-buss comp. The Alpha has the best fast attack,
    completely unachievable in software.

  • kikedrum Wrote:

    Charter Oak, is the best compressor !

  • B Wrote:

    Nobody thought Focusrite Red should be up there?

  • Bhang Wrote:

    3630? Not a chance !! The 3630 is rubbish through and through. Just because they sold like hot cakes doesn’t make it good. It sold so much because it was cheap. I would never use one of these unless there was just no alternative. Also, where’s the Distressor, or the Fairchild? Both of these are incredible compressors!
    - Bhang

  • scott frostie Wrote:

    @bhang – um, distressor, page 16, fairchild page 18.

  • E Wrote:

    Can you set up a contest in which the winner can get all 20 of these compressors? Thanks! (:

  • David Felton Wrote:

    @E

    We’ll pencil it in for our 20th anniversary ;-)

    Dave@Attack

  • ginger Wrote:

    Pye, Pye, Pye….

  • Michael Pye Wrote:

    agree, agree, agree………. ;)

  • Attack Wrote:

    @Michael

    Any relation? ;)

  • Chandra Shekhar Das Wrote:

    I was anticipating Shadow Hills Mastering Compressor at the top. LA-2A came in as a surprise !!! Also, seeing The Holy Grail of compressors Fairchild 670 at #3 was a bit indigestible. I appreciate your hard work of investigation in putting up these great compressors in one eminent list but according to me the rankings of the compressors do need a solid revision. I beg for an apology if my criticism sounded destructive.

  • richard andrew Wrote:

    hi there, rather pleased to have at least ticked some of the boxes in my compressor collection, TG1, LA 2A, dbx 160 plus the ‘crazy uncle’ end of things with the dbx 163X that just has one slider that says ‘MORE’ and even a couple of old altec1612B’s that are limited, but HUGE fun. I’m now looking for a bus comp and wondering if a pair of old pye 6392′s might be the go. cheers!

  • mastermixaudiomedia Wrote:

    Electrodyne CA-700… rare beasts and I’m lucky enough to have a matched pair!

  • Aisle 6 Wrote:

    I agree that the RED3 should have earned a mention. I mean 3630 and no RED3. : (

    Pye, Valley Dynamite…I guess the list could go on. ; )

  • Llir Wrote:

    What about Summit Audio? I use DCL-200 and love how it sounds very much! Not so popular, but exellent.

  • Grip Loc Entertainment Wrote:

    I just bought a CL1b compressor, I am excited to hear what this hardware compressor can do for vocal tracking, This is my first compressor to own and I think for hip hop it has earned its spot for sure listening to vocal takes from pro audio engineers around the globe. I was going to get the EURI 1176 REV D but its hard to find. Ceoss my fingers this piece will fit my signal chain well(U87AI-1073N/Avalon M4/UA610 Solo-Apogee Symphony I/O – all cabling by Stefan Audio Art and vibration control by The Mapleshade Store)

  • David Felton Wrote:

    @Grip Loc Entertainment – I don’t think you’ll be disappointed. I loved the plugin version and the real thing is sublime. Have fun :-)

  • johnnycashsboots Wrote:

    Good list notwithstanding some notable omissions that have already been acknowledged…. It’s good that people have been chiming in with their own suggestions creating even more interest, debate and knowledge. I return to the list and the comments every now and then and after almost a year I think it’s about time I should give props to the Overstayer VCA Stereo Comp. Boutique quality, highly versatile and OUTSTANDING value for money IMHO.

  • jim Wrote:

    The urie 175 and 175b. also so very nice, built for ever.

  • Alex Picciafuochi Wrote:

    Alesis?!? Maybe you want to talk about something that looks like as Drawmer or DBX?

  • Claus Bleijerveld Wrote:

    I do Miss the Vertigo vsc 2

  • rroland Wrote:

    It seems the Neve 33609 is missing…

  • Jorgen Mo Wrote:

    Where is Joe Meek??

  • Gerry Fischer Wrote:

    Vertigo VSC-2 my best! ;-)

  • oren Wrote:

    what about the good ol, hand on fader compressor? the HOF 9000 is really a work of art

  • Zmart Wrote:

    Glad the fatso got a mention but its really more than just a comp, wonder if any of the modeling on it is designed to create tape compression into the bargain ?

  • Steve Wrote:

    There are so many great comps – it’s hard to define the Top 20 as each Comp has it’s own niche in music. The Aphex Compellor & Dominiator, Pye, and Valley People Dyna-Mite didn’t make the list. Several Neve compressors didn’t make the list either. Then there’s Tom Scholz/Boston who uses the dbx 166 on his albums – so that’s worthy of mention as well. As is the dbx 165. They are all excellent compressors.

  • Dave Wrote:

    What about the Innovonics 201? Oh and he’ll you mention the Alesis 3630. And you don,t mention the ART Pro VLA? This list is more a list of your favorites in my opinion .

  • Marc Wrote:

    So, Chameleon Labs 7802 is not even a good contender?

  • School of Synthesis Wrote:

    Brillant work, I think the original Joe Meek SC2 and SC3 deserve a mention here. They helped shape a sound made famous by The Prodigy in the early nineties and add a lovely optical colour to all things digital.

  • timothy glasgow Wrote:

    The Joe Meek is an honourable mention, but i really feel the Crane Song Trakker deserves a place in the top 10. Behaves all the different ways like a Distressor, but just sounds better. The Distressor is wonderful dynamically, but it can make fat sounds just a wee bit thinner. As soon as i used a Trakker, it surpassed the Distressor as my ‘desert island’ dynamics.

  • Dino Barretta Wrote:

    LA-2A Rulez! I Agree…

  • cr Wrote:

    No Purple Audio MC-77?? The Alesis 3630 is a joke. I’m sure that Daft Punk had a few $$$$$$$$ compressor running through their stuff as well. That’s just jive talk or an urban legend that won’t die.

  • Walter Clark in Japan Wrote:

    Gotta agree with Twhack a ho and some others above. The UBK is amazingly versatile to my way of thinking‚Ķlike having 7 compressors in one and the tape saturation turning digital icepicks to butter makes it a cost effective alternative to tape. The Charter Oak SCL-1, wow! How it homogenizes a mix and enhances the midrange is just plain classy. Since I got these two, nothing hits my converters without going through both of ‘em. So far, the Buzz Audio SOC 1.1 is my alternative to the LA 2,3 and 4, Glad to have found this magazine and had a chance to read some of the extremely interesting and well-written offerings here. Great stuff!

  • Al Andrew Wrote:

    A good concise list…. some of these devices you hear about but never know what they are “good ” at…. a good read.